Energy / Climate Change

August 4, 2004


Japan's GHG Emissions in FY2002 Up 7.6% from 1990 Levels

Keywords: Climate Change Government Nuclear Power Policy / Systems Renewable Energy 

The Global Environment Bureau of Japanese Ministry of the Environment announced in May 2004 that Japan's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for fiscal 2002 were 1.331 billion tons in CO2 equivalent, up 2.2 percent from the previous year. This is a 7.6 percent increase from the 1990 base year under the 1997 Kyoto Protocol, which calls for emissions cuts to halt global warming. The bureau attributes part of the rise to increased power generation at thermal power plants to compensate for the shortfall of electricity caused by the shutdown of several nuclear power plants.

The Kyoto Protocol requires Japan to reduce its annual average of GHG emissions by 6 percent to 1.163 billion tons (CO2 equivalent) from the 1990 levels between 2008 and 2012. The current situation, however, is far from this goal.

In reference to CO2, which accounts for over 90 percent of GHG emissions, the industrial sector, including factories, marked a 3.6 percent increase, but the transport sector showed a 1.9 percent decrease from the previous year. Emissions from the commercial sector, including offices, buildings and commercial facilities were up 4.4 percent and those from the household sector were up 7.9 percent from the year before.

Emissions from the household sector increased again in fiscal 2002 after the previous year's decline, which resulted from a cool summer and a warm winter. Emissions from the energy sector were boosted by an 8.2 percent increase of thermal power generation, which countered a 7.6 percent drop of nuclear power generation.

Posted: 2004/08/04 02:24:48 PM
Japanese version