Policy / Systems / Technology

April 7, 2014

 

Japanese Researchers Develop Man-Made Leaves that Harvest Light

Keywords: Environmental Technology University / Research institute 

Figure: Man-Made Leaves
Coppyright Tokyo Institute of Technology All Rights Reserved.

The Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) announced on January 9, 2014, success in developing man-made leaves to harvest light, jointly with Toyota Central R&D Labs. This success will lead to realization of artificial photosynthesis, with an efficiency of converting solar energy to chemical energy comparable to that of natural photosynthesis.

The system of natural photosynthesis consists of two steps: harvesting solar light on the surface of leaves and concentrating it into a chlorophyll aggregate via energy transfer, and then integrating it to a reaction center where the oxidation-reduction reaction starts. The newly developed system also consists of two steps, like the natural one.

The research team combined periodic mesoporous organosilica (PMO) tubes developed by Toyota Labs and a metal complex developed by Tokyo Tech. The PMO has many organic molecules that absorb light, and that light energy captured it is concentrated first to five rhenium complexes, and finally to a single ruthenium complex that works as the reaction center.

The researchers plan to merge the new system with carbon dioxide reduction and recycling, as well as water oxidation photocatalysis, to generate hydrogen, hoping that this leads to realization of artificial photosynthesis to convert solar energy to chemical energy efficiently. This will lead to a decrease in the use of the photocatalyst.

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